Buthus occitanus venom contains several toxins that are used in research laboratories around the world to study the molecular mechanisms underlying the action of neurotoxins. Buthus occitanus venom has been shown to have antinociceptive properties and may therefore be useful for the treatment of pain.

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Buthus occitanus belongs to the Buthidae family, which includes only scorpions, within the class of arachnids in which spiders and scorpions are found, and in turn within arthropods, which includes insects, arachnids, myriapods, crustaceans, and trilobites.

It’s also known as the yellow scorpion or common scorpion. This is one of the wild animals that belong to the desert, despite their small size they have adapted perfectly to reproduce in this impractical environment.

Characteristics of the buthus occitanus:

This scorpion is characterized by its yellow color, as its name says. However, on the back, it has gray stripes, which end at the beginning of the tail, where the yellowish color continues. Its tail ends with a deadly stinger, which has a deadly poison that paralyzes its prey.

This wild species has 8 legs and two thin claws. And they measure from 12 to 15 cm long, with an approximate weight of 2.5 gr. Its skin being this color is a perfect camouflage to hunt or hide from predators.

The poison:

The buthus occitanus venom, and of the other scorpions, contains neurotoxins, which cause serious consequences in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. This can attack more strongly vulnerable people, such as children or the sick. That is why they should not be taken as pets, because their behavior is always defensive and attacking, something typical of a wild animal.

In spite of that, to an adult person in good health, the poison does not go beyond causing a lot of pain; although medical attention is necessary.

However, not everything is bad when it comes to poison. Like the venoms of other animals such as certain snakes, many scientists have found that scorpion venom has the potential to attack cancerous tumors; thanks to the chlorotoxin it contains.

Buthus Occitanus Habitat:

These animals are native to the desert, perfectly adapted to high temperatures, thanks to the fact that they have layers of fat that keep them cool. They live most of the time under the rocks cooling off, and at night they are activated

A place where it is very common to find them is in the Sahara desert, characterized by its extreme temperatures, scarce rainfall, and little animal and plant life if we compare it with other habitats. They can also live in burrows that have been built by other animals; but they can also live in human homes, something very dangerous especially if there are children.

Buthus Occitanus Diet:

The yellow scorpion is insectivorous, feeding on insects, earthworms, centipedes, and arthropods such as spiders and other scorpions. They are nocturnal animals, in the middle of the day they hide because of the heat; at nightfall, they go out to hunt.

To hunt they use sensors located on their legs in the form of hairs, thus detecting the vibrations caused by animals that approach them. They lie in wait on rocks, logs, or bushes then use the element of surprise; and with their sting, which has a powerful poison, they paralyze their prey. In addition, they use their pincers to squeeze their victims and hold them captive without being able to move.

A dance to reproduce:

As is common among scorpions, when mating yellow scorpions perform a courtship dance among themselves; they are held by the pedipalps, or what we know as the pincers, and move in various directions with great coordination. This lasts only a few minutes.

There are times when the female has a struggle, so it can seem like a very wild courtship. However, the male calms her with small doses of poison in the pedipalps; which works as a natural tranquilizer. Although it is not always necessary to resort to that, because almost always after a while both are coordinated.

Unusual fertilization:

Then comes the fertilization, which is in an unusual way. The male deposits his spermatophore on the ground, and then he guides the female to position herself on top of them so that she absorbs them into her genital operculum and fertilization is accomplished. This asexual process is known as parthenogenesis.

However, this process is delicate, since if the male takes a long time to do her part, the female will show disinterest; in addition, it will also depend on the success of the courtship. Scorpions are ovoviviparous animals, since the eggs, once they have been fertilized, develop inside the female and she then gives birth to the young.


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